1-Tetradecanol (CAS 112-72-1): Properties and Diverse Applications


1-Tetradecanol, also known as myristyl alcohol, is a long-chain fatty alcohol that finds versatile applications across various industries. With its unique chemical properties, 1-Tetradecanol serves as an important ingredient in numerous products, ranging from cosmetics and personal care items to industrial applications. In this article, we will explore the properties and applications of 1-Tetradecanol (CAS 112-72-1).

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Properties and Composition:
1-Tetradecanol is an organic compound with the chemical formula C14H30O. It belongs to the family of fatty alcohols, derived from natural sources such as coconut oil or palm oil. It appears as a waxy solid at room temperature and has a characteristic odor. The compound’s CAS number, 112-72-1, serves as a unique identifier for this specific chemical.

Applications:

  1. Cosmetics and Personal Care: 1-Tetradecanol is widely used in the formulation of various cosmetic and personal care products. It acts as an emollient, providing moisturizing properties and enhancing the smoothness and texture of creams, lotions, and hair care products. Its ability to improve the spreadability and absorption of other ingredients makes it a valuable component in skincare formulations.
  2. Surfactants and Emulsifiers: Due to its amphiphilic nature, 1-Tetradecanol can act as a surfactant and emulsifier in a range of applications. It helps to stabilize emulsions, allowing oil and water-based substances to mix evenly. This property is utilized in the production of creams, lotions, and other emulsion-based products.
  3. Lubricants and Additives: 1-Tetradecanol exhibits excellent lubricating properties, which make it suitable for use in various industrial applications. It is used as a lubricant in metalworking processes, such as cutting, drilling, and machining. Additionally, it serves as an additive in industrial lubricants and metalworking fluids to reduce friction and wear.
  4. Plasticizers: 1-Tetradecanol is utilized as a plasticizer in the production of plastics and polymers. It helps improve their flexibility, durability, and processing characteristics. Plasticized materials find applications in industries such as automotive, construction, and packaging.
  5. Textile and Leather Industry: In the textile and leather industries, 1-Tetradecanol is employed as a softening agent and lubricant. It enhances the flexibility, drape, and feel of fabrics and leather products.
  6. Chemical Intermediate: 1-Tetradecanol serves as a starting material for the synthesis of various chemical compounds. It is utilized in the production of surfactants, detergents, fragrances, flavors, and other specialty chemicals.

Conclusion:
1-Tetradecanol (CAS 112-72-1) is a versatile compound with diverse applications across multiple industries. Its properties as a lubricant, emollient, surfactant, and plasticizer make it valuable in cosmetics, personal care products, industrial processes, and chemical synthesis. As research and development continue, new applications and formulations incorporating 1-Tetradecanol are likely to emerge, further expanding its usefulness.

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